Dominic Ford, Editor
From the Meteor Showers feed
The α–Capricornid meteor shower will reach its maximum rate of activity on 2 August 2014. Some shooting stars associated with the shower are expected to be visible each night from 15 July to 20 August.
Annual meteor showers arise when the Earth passes through streams of debris left behind by comets and asteroids. As pebble-sized pieces of debris collide with the Earth, they burn up at an altitude of around 70 to 100 km, appearing as shooting stars.
By determining the speed and direction at which the meteors impact the Earth, it is possible to work out the path of the stream through the Solar System and identify the body responsible for creating it. The parent body responsible for creating the α–Capricornid shower is 169P/NEAT.
The maximum rate of meteors expected to be visible is around 5 per hour (ZHR). However, this assumes a perfectly dark sky and that the radiant of the meteor shower is directly overhead. In practice, the number of meteors you are likely to see is lower than this, and can be calculated from the ZHR formula.
From Cambridge , the radiant of the shower will appear 36° above your southern horizon at midnight. This means you may be able to see around 2 meteors per hour, since the radiant will be high in the sky, maximising the chance of seeing meteors.
The radiant of the α–Capricornid meteor shower is at around right ascension 20h30m, declination 10°S, as shown by the green cross on the planetarium above. All of the meteors will appear to be travelling directly outward from this point, as indicated by the white lines drawn above.
The Moon will be 7 days old at the time of peak activity, presenting significant interference in the early evening sky.
To see the most meteors, the best place to look is not directly at the radiant itself, but at any dark patch of sky which is around 30–40° away from it. It is at a distance of around this distance from the radiant that meteors will show reasonably long trails without being too spread out.
|The sky on 02 August 2014|
7 days old
All times shown in EDT.
The Handbook of the British Astronomical Association.
© Jacek Halicki 2016. Perseid meteor seen in 2016 from Poland.