Asteroid 349 Dembowska will be well placed, lying in the constellation Piscis Austrinus, well above the horizon for much of the night.
Regardless of your location on the Earth, 349 Dembowska will reach its highest point in the sky around midnight local time.
From Ashburn, it will be visible between 00:22 and 02:37. It will become accessible around 00:22, when it rises to an altitude of 21° above your southern horizon. It will reach its highest point in the sky at 01:30, 23° above your southern horizon. It will become inaccessible around 02:37 when it sinks below 21° above your southern horizon.
The geometry of the alignment
This optimal positioning occurs when it makes its closest approach to the point in the sky directly opposite to the Sun – an event termed opposition. Since the Sun reaches its greatest distance below the horizon at midnight, the point opposite to it is highest in the sky at the same time.
At around the same time that 349 Dembowska passes opposition, it also makes its closest approach to the Earth – termed its perigee – making it appear at its brightest in the night sky. This happens because when 349 Dembowska lies opposite to the Sun in the night sky, the solar system is lined up so that 349 Dembowska, the Earth and the Sun lie in a straight line with the Earth in the middle, on the same side of the Sun as 349 Dembowska.
On this occasion, 349 Dembowska will pass within 1.77 AU of us, reaching a peak brightness of magnitude 9.7. Nonetheless, even at its brightest, 349 Dembowska is a faint object beyond the reach of the naked eye; binoculars or a telescope of moderate aperture are needed.
Finding 349 Dembowska
The chart below indicates the path of 349 Dembowska across the sky around the time of opposition.
The position of 349 Dembowska at the moment of opposition will be as follows:
|Asteroid 349 Dembowska||21h41m10s||27°05'S||Piscis Austrinus||9.7|
The coordinates above are given in J2000.0.
|The sky on 18 January 2022|
16 days old
All times shown in EST.
The circumstances of this event were computed from orbital elements made available by Ted Bowell of the Lowell Observatory. The conversion to geocentric coordinates was performed using the position of the Earth recorded in the DE430 ephemeris published by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).
The star chart above shows the positions and magnitudes of stars as they appear in the Tycho catalogue. The data was reduced by the author and plotted using PyXPlot. A gnomonic projection of the sky has been used; celestial coordinates are indicated in the J2000.0 coordinate system.
© NASA/Galileo 1993. Pictured asteroid is 243 Ida.