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Penumbral lunar eclipse

Fri, 10 Feb 2017 at19:45 EST(45 days ago)
00:45 UTC

Dominic Ford, Editor
From the Eclipses feed

Time:       Altitude: °      Azimuth: °

A simulation of how the eclipse will appear from Newark.

The outer grey circle is the Earth's penumbra, and the inner red circle is the umbra. Any part of the Moon which passes within the red circle will be unilluminated, while any part within the grey circle will appear less bright than usual.




There will be a penumbral eclipse of the Moon, visible from Newark in the eastern sky. The Moon will lie 26° above the horizon at the moment of greatest eclipse.

The eclipse will last from 17:35 until 21:54, and maximum eclipse will occur at 19:45 (all times given in Newark time).

A penumbral eclipse

Like other lunar eclipses, penumbral eclipses occur whenever the Earth passes between the Moon and Sun, such that it obscures the Sun's light and casts a shadow onto the Moon's surface. But unlike other kinds of eclipses, they are extremely subtle events to observe.

In a penumbral eclipse the Moon passes through an outer region of the Earth's shadow called the penumbra. This is the outer part of the Earth's shadow, in which the Earth appears to cover part of the Sun's disk, but not all of it (see diagram below). As a result, the Moon's brightness will begin to dim, as it is less strongly illuminated by the Sun, but the whole of the Sun's disk will remain illuminated to some degree.

Although the Moon's light dims considerably during a penumbral eclipse, this is only perceptible to those with very astute vision, or in carefully controlled photographs.

This is a rare occasion when the whole of the Moon's face will pass within the Earth's penumbra, and so the reduction of the Moon's brightness will be more perceptible than usual. Such events are called total penumbral lunar eclipses, and are rare because the statistical chance that the Moon will enter the Earth's umbra at some point is very high once it has passed fully within its penumbra, and this makes an eclipse a partial lunar eclipse.

The geometry of a lunar eclipse
The geometry of a lunar eclipse. Within the penumbra, the Earth covers some fraction of the Sun's disk, but not all of it. In the umbra, the Earth covers the entirity of the Sun's disk. Any parts of the Moon's surface that lie within the Earth's umbra will appear unilluminated. Image courtesy of F. Sogumo.

Visibility of the eclipse

Eclipses of the Moon are visible anywhere where the Moon is above the horizon at the time. Since the geometry of lunar eclipses requires that the Moon is directly opposite the Sun in the sky, the Moon can be seen above the horizon anywhere where the Sun is beneath the horizon. The map below shows where the eclipse of February 10 will be visible.

Map of where the eclipse of February 2017 will be visible.
Map of where the eclipse of February 2017 will be visible. Click here to expand.

The table below lists the times when each part of the eclipse will begin and end.

Local
time
UTC
17:3522:35Moon begins to enter the Earth's penumbra
19:4500:45Greatest eclipse
21:5402:54Moon leaves the Earth's penumbra

This eclipse is a member of Saros series 114. The exact position of the Moon at the moment of greatest eclipse is as follows:

Object Right Ascension Declination Constellation Angular Size
The Moon 09h37m +13°09' Leo 31'38"

The coordinates above are given in J2000.0.

The sky on 10 February 2017
Sunrise: 06:55
Sunset: 17:24
Twilight
from 05:23
until 18:56

13-day old moon
Age of Moon:
13 days

All times shown in EST.
Rise Culm. Set
Mercury 06:14 11:02 15:50
Venus 08:25 14:45 21:05
Moon 17:29 00:18 06:24
Mars 08:53 15:09 21:24
Jupiter 22:20 04:00 09:37
Saturn 03:31 08:12 12:54

Source

Espanak, F., & Meeus, J., Five Millennium Canon of Lunar Eclipses: -1999 to +3000, NASA Technical Publication TP-2009-214172 (2009)

You may embed the map above in your own website. It is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license, which allows you to copy and/or modify it, so long as you credit In-The-Sky.org.

You can download it from:
https://in-the-sky.org/news/eclipses/lunar_201702.png

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Image credit

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Newark

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Longitude:
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40.74°N
74.17°W
EDT

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