© Jacek Halicki 2016. Perseid meteor seen in 2016 from Poland.

Puppid–Velid meteor shower

Sat, 09 Dec 2017 (2 days ago)

Dominic Ford, Editor
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Ashburn
The sky at

The Puppid–Velid meteor shower will reach its maximum rate of activity on 9 December 2017. Some shooting stars associated with the shower are expected to be visible each night from 17 November to January.

Annual meteor showers arise when the Earth passes through streams of debris left behind by comets and asteroids. As pebble-sized pieces of debris collide with the Earth, they burn up at an altitude of around 70 to 100 km, appearing as shooting stars.

By determining the speed and direction at which the meteors impact the Earth, it is possible to work out the path of the stream through the Solar System and identify the body responsible for creating it. To date, however, the parent body responsible for creating the Puppid–Velid shower has not been identified.

Observing prospects

The maximum rate of meteors expected to be visible is around 15 per hour (ZHR). However, this assumes a perfectly dark sky and that the radiant of the meteor shower is directly overhead. In practice, the number of meteors you are likely to see is lower than this, and can be calculated from the ZHR formula.

From Ashburn (click to change), the radiant of the shower will appear 32° below your south-eastern horizon at midnight. This means the shower will be unobservable, as the radiant will be below the horizon.

The radiant of the Puppid–Velid meteor shower is at around right ascension 11h30m, declination 48°S, as shown by the green cross on the planetarium above. All of the meteors will appear to be travelling directly outward from this point, as indicated by the white lines drawn above.

The Moon will be 21 days old at the time of peak activity, presenting significant interference in the pre-dawn sky.

To see the most meteors, the best place to look is not directly at the radiant itself, but at any dark patch of sky which is around 30–40° away from it. It is at a distance of around this distance from the radiant that meteors will show reasonably long trails without being too spread out.

The sky on 09 December 2017
Sunrise 07:16
Sunset 16:46
Twilight ends
18:22
Twilight begins
05:40

21-day old moon
Age of Moon
21 days

All times shown in EST.
Rise Culm. Set
Mercury 07:51 12:35 17:18
Venus 06:41 11:30 16:18
Moon 23:54 05:30 12:10
Mars 03:20 08:48 14:17
Jupiter 04:23 09:37 14:51
Saturn 08:04 12:48 17:33

Source

The Handbook of the British Astronomical Association.

Image credit

© Jacek Halicki 2016. Perseid meteor seen in 2016 from Poland.

Ashburn

Latitude:
Longitude:
Timezone:

39.04°N
77.49°W
EST

Color scheme