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Asteroid 16 Psyche at opposition

Dominic Ford, Editor
From the Asteroids feed

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The sky at

Asteroid 16 Psyche will be well placed for observation, lying in the constellation Capricornus, well above the horizon for much of the night.

Regardless of your location on the Earth, 16 Psyche will reach its highest point in the sky around midnight local time.

From Fairfield, it will be visible between 22:09 and 03:42. It will become accessible around 22:09, when it rises to an altitude of 21° above your south-eastern horizon. It will reach its highest point in the sky at 00:58, 33° above your southern horizon. It will become inaccessible around 03:42 when it sinks below 21° above your south-western horizon.

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The geometry of the alignment

This optimal positioning occurs when it makes its closest approach to the point in the sky directly opposite to the Sun – an event termed opposition. Since the Sun reaches its greatest distance below the horizon at midnight, the point opposite to it is highest in the sky at the same time.

At around the same time that 16 Psyche passes opposition, it also makes its closest approach to the Earth – termed its perigee – making it appear at its brightest in the night sky. This happens because when 16 Psyche lies opposite to the Sun in the night sky, the solar system is lined up so that 16 Psyche, the Earth and the Sun lie in a straight line with the Earth in the middle, on the same side of the Sun as 16 Psyche.

On this occasion, 16 Psyche will pass within 1.71 AU of us, reaching a peak brightness of magnitude 9.3. Nonetheless, even at its brightest, 16 Psyche is a faint object beyond the reach of the naked eye; binoculars or a telescope of moderate aperture are needed.

Finding 16 Psyche

The chart below indicates the path of 16 Psyche across the sky around the time of opposition.

It was produced using StarCharter and is available for download, either on dark background, in PNG, PDF or SVG formats, or on a light background, in PNG, PDF or SVG formats.

The position of 16 Psyche at the moment of opposition will be as follows:

Object Right Ascension Declination Constellation Magnitude
Asteroid 16 Psyche 21h05m40s -15°13' Capricornus 9.3

The coordinates above are given in J2000.0.

The sky on 07 August 2019
Sunrise
05:54
Sunset
20:03
Twilight ends
21:52
Twilight begins
04:05

6-day old moon
Waxing Crescent

47%

6 days old

Planets
Rise Culm. Set
Mercury 04:27 11:40 18:53
Venus 05:43 12:53 20:02
Moon 13:36 18:55 00:14
Mars 06:36 13:33 20:30
Jupiter 16:00 20:41 01:25
Saturn 18:14 22:53 03:37
All times shown in EDT.

Source

The circumstances of this event were computed from orbital elements made available by Ted Bowell of the Lowell Observatory. The conversion to geocentric coordinates was performed using the position of the Earth recorded in the DE405 ephemeris published by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).

The star chart above shows the positions and magnitudes of stars as they appear in the Tycho catalogue. The data was reduced by the author and plotted using PyXPlot. A gnomonic projection of the sky has been used; celestial coordinates are indicated in the J2000.0 coordinate system.

Image credit

None available.

Fairfield

Latitude:
Longitude:
Timezone:

41.14°N
73.26°W
EST

Color scheme