Saturn will reach the end of its retrograde motion, ending its westward movement through the constellations and returning to more usual eastward motion instead. This reversal of direction is a phenomenon that all the solar system's outer planets periodically undergo, a few months after they pass opposition.
The retrograde motion is caused by the Earth's own motion around the Sun. As the Earth circles the Sun, our perspective changes, and this causes the apparent positions of objects to move from side-to-side in the sky with a one-year period. This nodding motion is super-imposed on the planet's long-term eastward motion through the constellations.
The diagram below illustrates this. The grey dashed arrow shows the Earth's sight-line to the planet, and the diagram on the right shows the planet's apparently movement across the sky as seen from the Earth:
2021 apparition of Saturn
|23 May 2021||–||Saturn enters retrograde motion|
|02 Aug 2021||–||Saturn at opposition|
|10 Oct 2021||–||Saturn ends retrograde motion|
Saturn leaves retrograde motion as its 2021 apparition comes to an end, although it will remain visible for some weeks in the dusk sky.
Its celestial coordinates as it leaves retrograde motion will be:
|Object||Right Ascension||Declination||Constellation||Magnitude||Angular Size|
The coordinates above are given in J2000.0.
From Fairfield , it will be visible in the evening sky, becoming accessible around 18:52 (EDT) as the dusk sky fades, 26° above your southern horizon. It will then reach its highest point in the sky at 20:11, 29° above your southern horizon. It will continue to be observable until around 23:53, when it sinks below 10° above your south-western horizon.
Over the following weeks, Saturn will reach its highest point in the sky four minutes earlier each night, gradually disappearing into evening twilight.
|The sky on 10 October 2021|
4 days old
All times shown in EDT.
The circumstances of this event were computed using the DE430 planetary ephemeris published by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).
This event was automatically generated by searching the ephemeris for planetary alignments which are of interest to amateur astronomers, and the text above was generated based on an estimate of your location.
|10 Oct 2021||– Saturn ends retrograde motion|
|04 Feb 2022||– Saturn at solar conjunction|
|04 Jun 2022||– Saturn enters retrograde motion|
|14 Aug 2022||– Saturn at opposition|