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Mercury at superior solar conjunction

Dominic Ford, Editor
From the Inner Planets feed

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The sky at

Mercury will pass very close to the Sun in the sky as its orbit carries it around the far side of the solar system from the Earth.

This occurs once in every synodic cycle of the planet (116 days), and marks the end of Mercury's apparition in the morning sky and its transition to become an evening object over the next few weeks.

At closest approach, Mercury will appear at a separation of only 0°34' from the Sun, making it totally unobservable for several weeks while it is lost in the Sun's glare.

Mercury will also pass apogee – the time when it is most distant from the Earth – at around the same time, since it will lie exactly opposite to the Earth in the Solar System. It will move to a distance of 1.32 AU from the Earth, making it appear small and very distant. If it could be observed, it would measure 5.1 arcsec in diameter, whilst appearing completely illuminated.

The exact position of Mercury at the moment it passes solar conjunction will be:

Object Right Ascension Declination Constellation Angular Size
Mercury 04h27m20s +22°18' Taurus 5.1"
Sun 04h27m +21°44' Taurus 31'33"

The coordinates above are given in J2000.0.

The sky on 29 May 2025
Sunrise
05:11
Sunset
20:11
Twilight ends
22:18
Twilight begins
03:04

2-day old moon
Waxing Crescent

12%

2 days old

Planets
Rise Culm. Set
Mercury 05:08 12:38 20:08
Venus 03:13 09:41 16:09
Moon 07:26 15:23 23:19
Mars 10:39 17:44 00:53
Jupiter 06:27 14:03 21:39
Saturn 02:23 08:19 14:15
All times shown in EDT.

Warning

Never attempt to point a pair of binoculars or a telescope at an object close to the Sun. Doing so may result in immediate and permanent blindness.

Source

The circumstances of this event were computed using the DE405 planetary ephemeris published by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).

This event was automatically generated by searching the ephemeris for planetary alignments which are of interest to amateur astronomers, and the text above was generated based on an estimate of your location.

Related news

29 May 2025  –  Mercury at superior solar conjunction
31 May 2025  –  Mercury at perihelion
27 Jun 2025  –  Mercury reaches highest point in evening sky
28 Jun 2025  –  Mercury at dichotomy

Image credit

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Cambridge

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42.38°N
71.11°W
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