by Dominic Ford, Editor

The Moon in conjunction with Venus and Jupiter, with the Very Large Telescope in the foreground. Image © Y. Beletsky, 2009.

An appulse is when two or more astronomical objects – usually the planets or the Moon – appear close to one another in the sky.

Since the Moon moves relatively quickly across the sky, making a complete circuit through the constellations every month, most appulses occur when the Moon passes another body. These tend to recur on a monthly basis, as the Moon passes the same planets at a similar point in its cycle of phases each month.

There is no formal definition of how close two objects need to become for their close encounter to qualify as an appulse. On, we list all appulses where planets or minor planets pass within one degree of each other. For naked-eye objects, we include appulses out to three degrees, and for particularly bright naked-eye objects, out to five degrees.

Occasionally very close appulses may result in one object passing in front of another – an event called an occultation. Most such events involve the Moon, simply because the Moon covers such a large sky area.

Appulses vs conjunctions

In common parlance, close groupings of objects are often called conjunctions, but this term has a rather more technical meaning, referring to when two objects share the same right ascension.

List of appulses

The table below lists appulses in 2019, computed from NASA's DE405 planetary ephemeris. To show appulses in other years, use the dropdown control.

List appulses in year


Date Object 1 Object 2 Separation
Date Object 1 Object 2 Separation
22 Jan 2019 15:18 UTCVenusJupiter2°24'More information »
13 Feb 2019 05:32 UTCMarsUranus0°58'More information »
18 Feb 2019 12:19 UTCVenusSaturn1°05'More information »
18 Jun 2019 18:05 UTCMercuryMars0°13'More information »
24 Nov 2019 12:26 UTCVenusJupiter1°24'More information »
11 Dec 2019 09:26 UTCVenusSaturn1°47'More information »




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