Appulse

by Dominic Ford, Editor
Appulse

The Moon in conjunction with Venus and Jupiter, with the Very Large Telescope in the foreground. Image © Y. Beletsky, 2009.

An appulse is when two or more astronomical objects – usually the planets or the Moon – appear close to one another in the sky.

Since the Moon moves relatively quickly across the sky, making a complete circuit through the constellations every month, most appulses occur when the Moon passes another body. These tend to recur on a monthly basis, as the Moon passes the same planets at a similar point in its cycle of phases each month.

There is no formal definition of how close two objects need to become for their close encounter to qualify as an appulse. On In-The-Sky.org, we list all appulses where planets or minor planets pass within one degree of each other. For naked-eye objects, we include appulses out to three degrees, and for particularly bright naked-eye objects, out to five degrees.

Occasionally very close appulses may result in one object passing in front of another – an event called an occultation. Most such events involve the Moon, simply because the Moon covers such a large sky area.

Appulses vs conjunctions

In common parlance, close groupings of objects are often called conjunctions, but this term has a rather more technical meaning, referring to when two objects share the same right ascension.

List of appulses

The table below lists appulses in 2019, computed from NASA's DE405 planetary ephemeris. To show appulses in other years, use the dropdown control.

List appulses in year

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Date Object 1 Object 2 Separation
Date Object 1 Object 2 Separation
01 Jan 2019 22:34 UTCMoonVenus1°13'More information »
03 Jan 2019 08:49 UTCMoonJupiter3°04'More information »
12 Jan 2019 23:52 UTCMoonMars4°58'More information »
21 Jan 2019 15:59 UTCMoonM440°16'More information »
22 Jan 2019 15:18 UTCVenusJupiter2°24'More information »
31 Jan 2019 00:48 UTCMoonJupiter2°43'More information »
31 Jan 2019 17:37 UTCMoonVenus0°05'More information »
02 Feb 2019 07:05 UTCMoonSaturn0°37'More information »
13 Feb 2019 05:32 UTCMarsUranus0°58'More information »
18 Feb 2019 03:32 UTCMoonM440°16'More information »
18 Feb 2019 12:19 UTCVenusSaturn1°05'More information »
27 Feb 2019 14:55 UTCMoonJupiter2°17'More information »
01 Mar 2019 18:28 UTCMoonSaturn0°18'More information »
02 Mar 2019 21:49 UTCMoonVenus1°11'More information »
17 Mar 2019 13:31 UTCMoonM440°09'More information »
27 Mar 2019 02:54 UTCMoonJupiter1°52'More information »
29 Mar 2019 05:00 UTCMoonSaturn0°03'More information »
02 Apr 2019 06:11 UTCMoonVenus2°32'More information »
09 Apr 2019 08:51 UTCMoonMars4°35'More information »
13 Apr 2019 20:47 UTCMoonM440°04'More information »
23 Apr 2019 11:58 UTCMoonJupiter1°37'More information »
25 Apr 2019 14:30 UTCMoonSaturn0°22'More information »
08 May 2019 00:21 UTCMoonMars3°12'More information »
11 May 2019 02:15 UTCMoonM440°19'More information »
20 May 2019 17:20 UTCMoonJupiter1°40'More information »
22 May 2019 22:18 UTCMoonSaturn0°31'More information »
05 Jun 2019 15:06 UTCMoonMars1°34'More information »
07 Jun 2019 08:01 UTCMoonM440°28'More information »
16 Jun 2019 19:26 UTCMoonJupiter1°58'More information »
18 Jun 2019 18:05 UTCMercuryMars0°13'More information »
19 Jun 2019 03:49 UTCMoonSaturn0°26'More information »
04 Jul 2019 15:44 UTCMoonM440°31'More information »
13 Jul 2019 20:31 UTCMoonJupiter2°17'More information »
16 Jul 2019 07:16 UTCMoonSaturn0°13'More information »
09 Aug 2019 23:46 UTCMoonJupiter2°25'More information »
12 Aug 2019 09:53 UTCMoonSaturn0°02'More information »
28 Aug 2019 12:13 UTCMoonM440°33'More information »
06 Sep 2019 07:40 UTCMoonJupiter2°15'More information »
08 Sep 2019 13:42 UTCMoonSaturn0°02'More information »
24 Sep 2019 22:01 UTCMoonM440°42'More information »
03 Oct 2019 20:58 UTCMoonJupiter1°50'More information »
05 Oct 2019 20:38 UTCMoonSaturn0°15'More information »
22 Oct 2019 05:34 UTCMoonM440°57'More information »
31 Oct 2019 14:43 UTCMoonJupiter1°17'More information »
02 Nov 2019 07:24 UTCMoonSaturn0°35'More information »
18 Nov 2019 11:09 UTCMoonM441°10'More information »
24 Nov 2019 12:26 UTCVenusJupiter1°24'More information »
28 Nov 2019 10:58 UTCMoonJupiter0°43'More information »
28 Nov 2019 19:06 UTCMoonVenus1°51'More information »
29 Nov 2019 21:09 UTCMoonSaturn0°55'More information »
11 Dec 2019 09:26 UTCVenusSaturn1°47'More information »
15 Dec 2019 16:53 UTCMoonM441°17'More information »
23 Dec 2019 03:53 UTCMoonMars3°20'More information »
29 Dec 2019 01:58 UTCMoonVenus0°58'More information »

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