Dominic Ford, Editor
From the Moon feed
The Moon will be prominent in the dawn sky, rising at around midnight.
From Ashburn, it will be visible in the dawn sky, rising at 00:41 (EST) – 5 hours and 24 minutes before the Sun – and reach an altitude of 52° above the south-eastern horizon before fading from view as dawn breaks at around 05:45.
Observing the Moon at last quarter
As it progresses through this cycle, it is visible at different times of day. At last quarter, it rises at around midnight, appears high in the sky by dawn, and sets at around midday. Click here for more information about the Moon's phases.
The period when the Moon shows half phase is ideal for observing the Moon with a pair of binoculars or a small telescope. The border between the light and dark portions of the Moon's disk is the best place to look for detail on its surface, because along this line, the Moon's surface is illuminated at a very shallow angle. As a result, mountains and crater rims cast long shadows which are very easy to see. An observer on the Moon would see the Sun on the horizon, casting long shadows just like the ones we see on Earth at sunrise and sunset.
At first quarter and last quarter, when the terminator line is down the middle of the Moon, it is best presented for view, without any foreshortening.
Although the Moon passes last quarter every month, it is more favourably placed in the pre-dawn sky at some times of year than others.
It appears high up in the pre-dawn sky around the autumn equinox, but much lower towards the horizon around the spring equinox.
This is because it always lies close to a line across the sky called the ecliptic. This marks the flat plane in space in which all of the planets circle the Sun. It is the line through the zodiacal constellations that the Sun follows through the year.
The altitude at which the Moon appears above the horizon at sunrise depends how steeply the line of the ecliptic is inclined to the horizon. If the plane of the ecliptic meet the horizon at a very shallow angle, the Moon will rise or set along a line which is almost parallel to the horizon, and a large separation from the Sun along this line would still only correspond to a very low altitude in the sky.
The inclination of the ecliptic plane to the horizon at Ashburn varies between 74° (sunrise at the autumn equinox) and 27° (sunrise at the spring equinox). On July 24, the ecliptic is inclined at 60° to the eastern dawn horizon, as shown by the yellow line in the planetarium view above, meaning that on this occasion the Moon is very favourably placed for viewing from Ashburn.
The Moon's position
At the moment it reaches last quarter, the Moon's distance from the Earth will be 370,000 km. Its exact position will be as follows:
|Object||Right Ascension||Declination||Constellation||Angular Size|
The coordinates above are given in J2000.0.
|The sky on 19 January 2019|
13 days old
All times shown in EST.
The circumstances of this event were computed using the DE405 planetary ephemeris published by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).
This event was automatically generated by searching the ephemeris for planetary alignments which are of interest to amateur astronomers, and the text above was generated based on an estimate of your location.
|24 Jul 1981, 05:41 EDT||– Moon at Last Quarter|
|30 Jul 1981, 23:53 EDT||– New Moon|
|07 Aug 1981, 15:27 EDT||– Moon at First Quarter|
|15 Aug 1981, 12:38 EDT||– Full Moon|