The Moon in conjunction with Venus and Jupiter, with the Very Large Telescope in the foreground. Image © Y. Beletsky, ESO, 2009.

Lunar occultation of Mars

Dominic Ford, Editor
From the Lunar Occultations feed

Objects: Mars

The Moon will pass in front of Mars, creating a lunar occultation visible from countries and territories including western Russia, Canada, Greenland and Alaska amongst others. Although the occultation will only be visible across part of the world – because the Moon is so close to the Earth that its position in the sky varies by as much as two degrees across the world – a close conjunction between the pair will be more widely visible.

Unfortunately the occultation will not be visible from Ashburn, though it will be visible from western parts of the Contiguous United States.

The map below shows the visibility of the occultation across the world. Separate contours show where the disappearance of Mars is visible (shown in red), and where its reappearance is visible (shown in blue). Solid contours show where each event is likely to be visible through binoculars at a reasonable altitude in the sky. Dotted contours indicate where each event occurs above the horizon, but may not be visible due to the sky being too bright or the Moon being very close to the horizon.

Map showing where the occultation is visible

Outside the contours, the Moon will not pass in front of Mars at any time, or is below the horizon at the time of the occultation. However, a close conjunction between the pair will be visible across much of the world.

The map can be downloaded in PNG , PDF or SVG format. A KMZ file , is also available, which can be opened in Google Earth to provide a higher resolution map.

The animation below shows the path of the occultation across the Earth's globe. The red circle shows where the Moon appears in front of Mars.

You can download this video in MP4 or OGG format.

A complete list of the countries and territories where the occultation will be visible is as follows:

Country Time span
Russia 21:03–13:41
Canada 13:39–07:26
Greenland 02:08–04:21
Alaska 13:39–12:22
Sweden 21:03–05:16
Ukraine 21:05–05:48
Turkey 21:02–18:25
Norway 21:09–05:10
Finland 20:54–05:13
Kazakhstan 21:04–12:33
Poland 18:33–05:32
Germany 03:16–02:14
Svalbard 21:21–12:24
Belarus 20:41–05:31
Romania 18:31–05:47
Iceland 02:30–04:51
The Contiguous United States 14:03–08:24
Bulgaria 18:33–05:50
Hungary 18:29–05:36
Latvia 20:50–05:21
Czechia 18:30–05:29
Lithuania 18:41–05:24
Georgia 21:02–05:58
Estonia 20:50–05:18
Denmark 18:37–05:17
Serbia 18:30–02:17
Syria 21:02–18:29
Slovakia 18:31–05:33
Austria 03:26–02:14
Great Britain 02:45–02:11
Moldova 18:38–05:43
Armenia 21:02–18:19
Netherlands 03:08–02:08
Azerbaijan 21:02–18:21
Croatia 03:39–02:22
Greece 03:54–02:42
Faroe Islands 02:49–04:56
Shetland 03:01–05:01
Aland Islands 18:48–05:12
Iran 21:02–15:17
Orkney 02:56–05:00
Slovenia 03:42–02:16
Svalbard and Jan Mayen 02:53–04:50
Bosnia and Herzegovina 18:28–02:20
Cyprus 17:26–06:10

Lunar occultations are only ever visible from a small fraction of the Earth's surface. Since the Moon is much closer to the Earth than other celestial objects, its exact position in the sky differs depending on your exact location on Earth due to its large parallax. The position of the Moon as seen from two points on opposite sides of the Earth varies by up to two degrees, or four times the diameter of the full moon.

This means that if the Moon is aligned to pass in front of a particular object for an observer on one side of the Earth, it will appear up to two degrees away from that object on the other side of the Earth.

The position of Mars at the moment of the occultation will be as follows:

Object Right Ascension Declination Constellation Magnitude Angular Size
Mars 06h12m20s 26°44'N Gemini -1.6 0'15"

The coordinates above are given in J2000.0.

Next/previous occultations

« Previous Next »
Visible from the Contiguous United States Worldwide Worldwide Visible from the Contiguous United States
17 Jul 2003 14 Apr 2007 Occultations of Mars 19 Jan 2008 18 Feb 2020
03 Nov 2007 14 Dec 2007 Occultations 28 Dec 2007 05 Mar 2008

The sky on 24 Sep 2023

The sky on 24 September 2023
Twilight ends
Twilight begins

9-day old moon
Waxing Gibbous


9 days old

Rise Culm. Set
Mercury 05:29 11:57 18:25
Venus 03:37 10:17 16:58
Moon 16:32 21:11 01:56
Mars 08:22 14:03 19:44
Jupiter 20:55 03:48 10:41
Saturn 17:50 23:11 04:33
All times shown in EDT.


The circumstances of this event were computed using the DE430 planetary ephemeris published by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).

This event was automatically generated by searching the ephemeris for planetary alignments which are of interest to amateur astronomers, and the text above was generated based on an estimate of your location.

Related news

18 Dec 2007  –  Mars at perigee
24 Dec 2007  –  Mars at opposition
27 Jan 2010  –  Mars at perigee
29 Jan 2010  –  Mars at opposition

Image credit

The Moon in conjunction with Venus and Jupiter, with the Very Large Telescope in the foreground. Image © Y. Beletsky, ESO, 2009.





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