Mercury at perihelion

Dominic Ford, Editor
From the Inner Planets feed

Objects: Mercury
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Mercury's 88-day orbit around the Sun will carry it to its closest point to the Sun – its perihelion – at a distance of 0.31 AU from the Sun.

Unlike most of the planets, which follow almost exactly circular orbits around the Sun only varying in their distance from the Sun by a few percent, Mercury has a significantly elliptical orbit.

Its distance from the Sun varies between 0.307 AU at perihelion (closest approach to the Sun), and 0.467 AU at aphelion (furthest recess from the Sun). This variation, of over 50%, means that its surface receives over twice as much energy from the Sun at perihelion as compared to aphelion.

However, this makes little difference to Mercury's telescopic appearance, since little if any detail on its surface can be resolved by ground-based telescopes. Although its changing seasons have an incredible effect upon its surface temperatures, there is little change that is visible to amateur observers.

The position of Mercury at the moment it passes perihelion will be:

Object Right Ascension Declination Constellation Angular Size
Mercury 10h56m40s 7°53'N Leo 6.9"
Sun 12h00m 0°03'S Virgo 31'52"

The coordinates above are given in J2000.0.

From Fairfield, Mercury will be visible in the dawn sky, rising at 05:09 (EDT) – 1 hour and 29 minutes before the Sun – and reaching an altitude of 11° above the eastern horizon before fading from view as dawn breaks at around 06:17.

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The sky on 23 Sep 2023

The sky on 23 September 2023
Twilight ends
Twilight begins

8-day old moon
Waxing Gibbous


8 days old

Rise Culm. Set
Mercury 05:09 11:40 18:11
Venus 03:18 10:02 16:46
Moon 15:32 19:53 00:15
Mars 08:07 13:48 19:28
Jupiter 20:38 03:35 10:32
Saturn 17:41 22:59 04:17
All times shown in EDT.


Never attempt to point a pair of binoculars or a telescope at an object close to the Sun. Doing so may result in immediate and permanent blindness.


The circumstances of this event were computed using the DE430 planetary ephemeris published by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).

This event was automatically generated by searching the ephemeris for planetary alignments which are of interest to amateur astronomers, and the text above was generated based on an estimate of your location.

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07 Jan 2024  –  Mercury at highest altitude in morning sky

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