The Moon in conjunction with Venus and Jupiter, with the Very Large Telescope in the foreground. Image © Y. Beletsky, ESO, 2009.

Lunar occultation of Venus

Dominic Ford, Editor
From the Lunar Occultations feed

Objects: Venus

The Moon will pass in front of Venus, creating a lunar occultation visible from Europe, western Russia, Greenland, Africa, Asia and Svalbard. Although the occultation will only be visible across part of the world – because the Moon is so close to the Earth that its position in the sky varies by as much as two degrees across the world – a close conjunction between the pair will be more widely visible.

Unfortunately the occultation will not be visible from San Diego.

The map below shows the visibility of the occultation across the world. Separate contours show where the disappearance of Venus is visible (shown in red), and where its reappearance is visible (shown in blue). Solid contours show where each event is likely to be visible through binoculars at a reasonable altitude in the sky. Dotted contours indicate where each event occurs above the horizon, but may not be visible due to the sky being too bright or the Moon being very close to the horizon.

Map showing where the occultation is visible

Outside the contours, the Moon will not pass in front of Venus at any time, or is below the horizon at the time of the occultation. However, a close conjunction between the pair will be visible across much of the world.

The map can be downloaded in PNG , PDF or SVG format. A KMZ file , is also available, which can be opened in Google Earth to provide a higher resolution map.

The animation below shows the path of the occultation across the Earth's globe. The red circle shows where the Moon appears in front of Venus.

You can download this video in MP4 or OGG format.

A complete list of the countries and territories where the occultation will be visible is as follows:

Country Time span
(UTC)
Russia 09:33–11:47
Greenland 08:59–10:10
Libya 10:45–12:05
Egypt 10:54–12:11
Turkey 10:27–11:56
Sweden 09:28–11:03
Saudi Arabia 10:59–12:12
Ukraine 10:02–11:39
Sudan 11:23–12:12
Norway 09:25–10:53
France 09:49–11:14
Finland 09:28–11:02
Germany 09:44–11:16
Iraq 10:48–12:06
Kazakhstan 10:19–11:42
Poland 09:50–11:22
Algeria 10:31–11:34
Italy 10:03–11:39
Great Britain 09:30–10:51
Iran 10:43–12:00
Svalbard 09:13–10:31
Belarus 09:56–11:22
Romania 10:10–11:37
Iceland 09:14–10:14
Syria 10:46–12:02
Spain 10:14–11:08
Greece 10:26–11:53
Tunisia 10:30–11:38
Bulgaria 10:19–11:41
Chad 11:26–12:00
Hungary 10:05–11:27
Serbia 10:11–11:36
Ireland 09:37–10:33
Latvia 09:48–11:12
Czechia 09:56–11:19
Azerbaijan 10:39–11:51
Lithuania 09:51–11:14
Austria 10:01–11:21
Jordan 10:55–12:06
Georgia 10:32–11:47
Estonia 09:46–11:08
Denmark 09:40–11:04
Croatia 10:08–11:31
Slovakia 10:03–11:24
Bosnia and Herzegovina 10:11–11:32
Netherlands 09:45–11:00
Switzerland 10:00–11:15
Belgium 09:49–11:02
Moldova 10:12–11:34
Armenia 10:39–11:51
Macedonia 10:22–11:39
Albania 10:21–11:39
Slovenia 10:06–11:23
Northern Ireland 09:37–10:34
Israel 10:54–12:05
Montenegro 10:18–11:35
Cyprus 10:48–11:57
Corsica 10:12–11:22
Eritrea 11:42–12:10
Lebanon 10:51–12:00
Faroe Islands 09:23–10:26
Mallorca 10:23–11:10
Palestinian Territory 10:56–12:02
Luxembourg 09:53–11:03
Shetland 09:28–10:36
Aland Islands 09:42–10:58
Kuwait 11:06–11:56
Orkney 09:30–10:35
Svalbard and Jan Mayen 09:12–10:23
Menorca 10:21–11:13
Isle of Man 09:40–10:36
Ibiza 10:29–11:04
Andorra 10:14–11:02
Malta 10:36–11:39
Niger 11:34–11:41
Jersey 09:54–10:46
Guernsey 09:53–10:45
RAF Akrotiri 10:49–11:57
Vatican 10:17–11:26
Liechtenstein 10:02–11:12
Monaco 10:10–11:14
San Marino 10:11–11:22
Turkmenistan 10:40–11:35

Lunar occultations are only ever visible from a small fraction of the Earth's surface. Since the Moon is much closer to the Earth than other celestial objects, its exact position in the sky differs depending on your exact location on Earth due to its large parallax. The position of the Moon as seen from two points on opposite sides of the Earth varies by up to two degrees, or four times the diameter of the full moon.

This means that if the Moon is aligned to pass in front of a particular object for an observer on one side of the Earth, it will appear up to two degrees away from that object on the other side of the Earth.

The position of Venus at the moment of the occultation will be as follows:

Object Right Ascension Declination Constellation Magnitude Angular Size
Venus 12h04m50s 0°48'N Virgo -4.3 0'20"

The coordinates above are given in J2000.0.

Next/previous occultations

« Previous Next »
Visible from the Contiguous United States Worldwide Worldwide Visible from the Contiguous United States
12 Dec 2020 24 Mar 2023 Occultations of Venus 07 Apr 2024 07 Apr 2024
25 Aug 2023 01 Nov 2023 Occultations 28 Nov 2023 08 Jan 2024

The sky on 9 Nov 2023

The sky on 9 November 2023
Sunrise
06:10
Sunset
16:51
Twilight ends
18:15
Twilight begins
04:46

26-day old moon
Waning Crescent

11%

26 days old

Planets
Rise Culm. Set
Mercury 07:14 12:19 17:24
Venus 02:36 08:40 14:45
Moon 02:37 08:51 14:58
Mars 06:25 11:41 16:57
Jupiter 16:23 23:01 05:38
Saturn 13:15 18:44 00:12
All times shown in PST.

Source

The circumstances of this event were computed using the DE430 planetary ephemeris published by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).

This event was automatically generated by searching the ephemeris for planetary alignments which are of interest to amateur astronomers, and the text above was generated based on an estimate of your location.

Related news

23 Oct 2023  –  Venus at greatest elongation west
10 Jan 2025  –  Venus at greatest elongation east
30 Jan 2025  –  Venus at highest altitude in evening sky
31 May 2025  –  Venus at greatest elongation west

Image credit

The Moon in conjunction with Venus and Jupiter, with the Very Large Telescope in the foreground. Image © Y. Beletsky, ESO, 2009.

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