Dominic Ford, Editor
From the Inner Planets feed
In the southern hemisphere Venus will be well placed for observation in the evening sky, shining brightly at mag -4.6.
Venus's orbit lies closer to the Sun than the Earth's, meaning that it always appears close to the Sun and is very difficult to observe most of the time.
It is observable only for a few weeks each time it reaches greatest separation from the Sun – moments referred to as greatest elongation.
On these occasions, however, Venus is so bright and conspicuous that it becomes the third brightest object in the sky after the Sun and Moon. It is often called the morning or evening star.
Venus's brightness depends on two factors: its closeness to the Earth, and its phase. Its phase varies depending on its position relative to the Earth. When it passes between the Earth and Sun, for example, the side that is turned towards the Earth is entirely unilluminated, like a new moon.
Conversely, when it lies opposite to the Earth in its orbit, passing almost behind the Sun, it appears fully illuminated, like a full moon. However, at this time it is also at its most distant from the Earth, so it is actually fainter than at other times.
Venus reaches its brightest when it is still a crescent – with less than half of its disk illuminated. This is because it is much closer to the Earth during its crescent phases than at other times.
As a result, during evening apparitions, Venus reaches maximum brightness a few days after it is at greatest separation from the Sun, which always coincides with it showing half-phase (dichotomy).
Conversely, during morning apparitions, Venus reaches maximum brightness a few days before it is at greatest separation from the Sun.
Venus in coming weeks
The key moments in this apparition of Venus are as follows:
|15 Aug 2018 01:09 EDT||– Venus at dichotomy|
|17 Aug 2018 03:58 EDT||– Venus at greatest elongation east|
|25 Sep 2018 00:17 EDT||– Venus at greatest brightness|
|26 Oct 2018 10:11 EDT||– Venus at inferior solar conjunction|
|29 Nov 2018 21:23 EST||– Venus at greatest brightness|
Over coming weeks, the distance between Venus and the Sun will decrease each night as it sinks back into the Sun's glare. The table below lists how long Venus will remain up after sunset each night; all times are given in Ashburn local time.
|Altitude of Venus
|Direction of Venus
|18 Sep 2018||19:10||20:25||12°||south-west|
|25 Sep 2018||18:59||20:01||10°||south-west|
|02 Oct 2018||18:48||19:35||7°||south-west|
|09 Oct 2018||18:37||19:05||4°||south-west|
|16 Oct 2018||18:27||18:32||0°||south-west|
|23 Oct 2018||18:17||17:58||-3°||south-west|
|30 Oct 2018||18:08||17:26||-8°||west|
|06 Nov 2018||17:01||16:01||-11°||west|
|13 Nov 2018||16:54||15:37||-15°||west|
|20 Nov 2018||16:49||15:16||-18°||west|
|27 Nov 2018||16:45||14:59||-21°||west|
A graph of the brightness of Venus is available here.
The coordinates of Venus when it reaches greatest brightness will be:
|Object||Right Ascension||Declination||Constellation||Angular Size|
The coordinates above are given in J2000.0.
|The sky on 25 September 2018|
16 days old
All times shown in EDT.
The circumstances of this event were computed using the DE405 planetary ephemeris published by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).
This event was automatically generated by searching the ephemeris for planetary alignments which are of interest to amateur astronomers, and the text above was generated based on an estimate of your location.
|17 Aug 2018, 03:58 EDT||– Venus at greatest elongation east|
|06 Jan 2019, 01:02 EST||– Venus at greatest elongation west|
|24 Mar 2020, 03:31 EDT||– Venus at greatest elongation east|
|13 Aug 2020, 09:03 EDT||– Venus at greatest elongation west|
© NASA/Ricardo Nunes