Simulated image courtesy of Tom Ruen.

Moon at First Quarter

Dominic Ford, Editor
From the Moon feed

Objects: The Moon
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The sky at

The Moon will be prominent in the evening sky, setting around midnight.

From Fairfield , it will become visible around 17:02 (EST) as the dusk sky fades, 27° above your southern horizon. It will then reach its highest point in the sky at 17:57, 28° above your southern horizon. It will continue to be observable until around 21:53, when it sinks below 8° above your south-western horizon.

Begin typing the name of a town near to you, and then select the town from the list of options which appear below.

At this time in its monthly cycle of phases, it appears almost exactly half illuminated.

The Moon's path in coming days

Over coming days, the Moon will set later each day, becoming visible for more of the night. Within a few days, it will not make it very far above the eastern horizon before nightfall. By the time it reaches full phase, it will be visible for much of the night, rising at around dusk and setting at around dawn.

Its day-by-day progress is charted below, with all times are given below in Fairfield local time.

Date Sun
sets at
sets at
Altitude of Moon
at sunset
Direction of Moon
at sunset
30 Oct 201917:5120:0118°south-west
31 Oct 201917:5020:4622°south-west
01 Nov 201917:4821:3624°south
02 Nov 201917:4722:2926°south
03 Nov 201916:4622:2426°south
04 Nov 201916:4523:2126°south-east
05 Nov 201916:4400:2124°south-east
06 Nov 201916:4301:1821°south-east
07 Nov 201916:4102:1418°south-east
08 Nov 201916:4003:1015°east
09 Nov 201916:3904:0710°east
10 Nov 201916:3805:04east

Observing the Moon at first quarter

The Moon orbits the Earth once every four weeks, causing its phases to cycle through new moon, first quarter, full moon, last quarter, and back to new moon once every 29.5 days.

As it progresses through this cycle, it is visible at different times of day. At last quarter, it rises at around midnight, appears high in the sky by dawn, and sets at around midday. Click here for more information about the Moon's phases.

The period when the Moon shows half phase is ideal for observing the Moon with a pair of binoculars or a small telescope. The border between the light and dark portions of the Moon's disk is the best place to look for detail on its surface, because along this line, the Moon's surface is illuminated at a very shallow angle. As a result, mountains and crater rims cast long shadows which are very easy to see. An observer on the Moon would see the Sun on the horizon, casting long shadows just like the ones we see on Earth at sunrise and sunset.

At first quarter and last quarter, when the terminator line is down the middle of the Moon, it is best presented for view, without any foreshortening.

Seasonal variation

Although the Moon passes first quarter every month, it is more favourably placed in the early evening sky at some times of year than others.

It appears high up in the evening sky around the spring equinox, but much lower towards the horizon around the autumn equinox.

This is because it always lies close to a line across the sky called the ecliptic. This marks the flat plane in space in which all of the planets circle the Sun. It is the line through the zodiacal constellations that the Sun follows through the year.

The altitude at which the Moon appears above the horizon at sunset depends how steeply the line of the ecliptic is inclined to the horizon. If the plane of the ecliptic meet the horizon at a very shallow angle, the Moon will rise or set along a line which is almost parallel to the horizon, and a large separation from the Sun along this line would still only correspond to a very low altitude in the sky.

The inclination of the ecliptic plane to the horizon at Fairfield varies between 72° (sunset at the spring equinox) and 25° (sunset at the autumn equinox). On November 4, the ecliptic is inclined at 28° to the western sunset horizon, as shown by the yellow line in the planetarium view above, meaning that on this occasion the Moon is poorly placed for viewing from Fairfield.

The Moon's position

At the moment it reaches first quarter, the Moon's distance from the Earth will be 399,000 km. Its exact position will be as follows:

Object Right Ascension Declination Constellation Angular Size
The Moon 20h58m40s -19°54' Capricornus 29'52"

The coordinates above are given in J2000.0.

The sky on 04 November 2019
Twilight ends
Twilight begins

7-day old moon
Waxing Crescent


7 days old

Rise Culm. Set
Mercury 07:49 12:32 17:16
Venus 08:20 13:04 17:48
Moon 13:29 18:24 23:18
Mars 04:37 10:15 15:53
Jupiter 09:56 14:32 19:08
Saturn 11:26 16:05 20:44
All times shown in EST.


The circumstances of this event were computed using the DE430 planetary ephemeris published by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).

This event was automatically generated by searching the ephemeris for planetary alignments which are of interest to amateur astronomers, and the text above was generated based on an estimate of your location.

Related news

04 Nov 2019  –  Moon at First Quarter
07 Nov 2019  –  The Moon at apogee
09 Nov 2019  –  The Moon at aphelion
12 Nov 2019  –  Full Moon

Image credit

Simulated image courtesy of Tom Ruen.






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