Jupiter will reach the end of its retrograde motion, ending its westward movement through the constellations and returning to more usual eastward motion instead. This reversal of direction is a phenomenon that all the solar system's outer planets periodically undergo, a few months after they pass opposition.
The retrograde motion is caused by the Earth's own motion around the Sun. As the Earth circles the Sun, our perspective changes, and this causes the apparent positions of objects to move from side-to-side in the sky with a one-year period. This nodding motion is super-imposed on the planet's long-term eastward motion through the constellations.
The diagram below illustrates this. The grey dashed arrow shows the Earth's sight-line to the planet, and the diagram on the right shows the planet's apparently movement across the sky as seen from the Earth:
2021 apparition of Jupiter
|20 Jun 2021||–||Jupiter enters retrograde motion|
|19 Aug 2021||–||Jupiter at opposition|
|19 Aug 2021||–||Jupiter at perigee|
|17 Oct 2021||–||Jupiter ends retrograde motion|
Jupiter leaves retrograde motion as its 2021 apparition comes to an end, although it will remain visible for some weeks in the dusk sky.
Its celestial coordinates as it leaves retrograde motion will be:
|Object||Right Ascension||Declination||Constellation||Magnitude||Angular Size|
The coordinates above are given in J2000.0.
From San Diego , it will be visible in the evening sky, becoming accessible around 18:28 (PDT), 32° above your south-eastern horizon, as dusk fades to darkness. It will then reach its highest point in the sky at 20:40, 42° above your southern horizon. It will continue to be observable until around 01:19, when it sinks below 7° above your south-western horizon.
Over the following weeks, Jupiter will reach its highest point in the sky four minutes earlier each night, gradually disappearing into evening twilight.
The sky on 17 Oct 2021
|The sky on 17 October 2021|
11 days old
All times shown in PDT.
The circumstances of this event were computed using the DE430 planetary ephemeris published by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).
This event was automatically generated by searching the ephemeris for planetary alignments which are of interest to amateur astronomers, and the text above was generated based on an estimate of your location.
|19 Aug 2021||– Jupiter at opposition|
|26 Sep 2022||– Jupiter at opposition|
|02 Nov 2023||– Jupiter at opposition|
|07 Dec 2024||– Jupiter at opposition|