Unlike most of the planets, which follow almost exactly circular orbits around the Sun only varying in their distance from the Sun by a few percent, Mercury has a significantly elliptical orbit.
Its distance from the Sun varies between 0.307 AU at perihelion (closest approach to the Sun), and 0.467 AU at aphelion (furthest recess from the Sun). This variation, of over 50%, means that its surface receives over twice as much energy from the Sun at perihelion as compared to aphelion.
However, this makes little difference to Mercury's telescopic appearance, since little if any detail on its surface can be resolved by ground-based telescopes. Although its changing seasons have an incredible effect upon its surface temperatures, there is little change that is visible to amateur observers.
The position of Mercury at the moment it passes perihelion will be:
|Object||Right Ascension||Declination||Constellation||Angular Size|
The coordinates above are given in J2000.0.
From San Diego, Mercury will be difficult to observe as it will appear no higher than 9° above the horizon. It will become visible around 19:22 (PDT), 9° above your western horizon, as dusk fades to darkness. It will then sink towards the horizon, setting 1 hour and 5 minutes after the Sun at 20:12.
|The sky on 31 March 2023|
10 days old
All times shown in PDT.
Never attempt to point a pair of binoculars or a telescope at an object close to the Sun. Doing so may result in immediate and permanent blindness.
The circumstances of this event were computed using the DE430 planetary ephemeris published by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).
This event was automatically generated by searching the ephemeris for planetary alignments which are of interest to amateur astronomers, and the text above was generated based on an estimate of your location.
|30 Jan 2023||– Mercury at greatest elongation west|
|11 Apr 2023||– Mercury at highest altitude in evening sky|
|11 Apr 2023||– Mercury at greatest elongation east|
|29 May 2023||– Mercury at greatest elongation west|