The Moon will pass first quarter phase, appearing prominent in the evening sky and setting in the middle of the night.
At this time in its monthly cycle of phases, it appears almost exactly half illuminated.
As it progresses through this cycle, it is visible at different times of day. At first quarter, it appears high in the sky at sunset before sinking towards the horizon and setting in the middle of the night. More information about the Moon's phases is available here.
Observing the Moon at first quarter
Over coming days, the Moon will set later each day, becoming visible for more of the night. Within a few days, it will not make it very far above the eastern horizon before nightfall. By the time it reaches full phase, it will be visible for much of the night, rising at around dusk and setting at around dawn.
Its daily progress is charted below, with all times are given in San Diego local time.
|Altitude of Moon
|Direction of Moon
|17 Oct 2023||18:14||19:22||12°||south-west|
|18 Oct 2023||18:13||19:59||17°||south-west|
|19 Oct 2023||18:12||20:45||22°||south-west|
|20 Oct 2023||18:11||21:39||26°||south|
|21 Oct 2023||18:09||22:41||29°||south|
|22 Oct 2023||18:08||23:49||30°||south|
|23 Oct 2023||18:07||01:01||30°||south-east|
|24 Oct 2023||18:06||02:12||28°||south-east|
|25 Oct 2023||18:05||03:22||24°||south-east|
|26 Oct 2023||18:04||04:31||19°||east|
|27 Oct 2023||18:03||05:39||13°||east|
|28 Oct 2023||18:02||05:39||7°||east|
The exact moment of first quarter
The exact moment of first quarter is defined as the time when the Moon's ecliptic longitude is exactly 90° away from the Sun's ecliptic longitude, as observed from the center of the Earth. However, the Moon does not appear in any way special at this instant in time, and a first quarter moon can be observed at any time in the evening sky.
At the moment it reaches first quarter, the Moon's distance from the Earth will be 372,000 km. Its celestial coordinates will be as follows:
|Object||Right Ascension||Declination||Constellation||Angular Size|
The coordinates above are given in J2000.0.
The sky on 21 Oct 2023
|The sky on 21 October 2023|
7 days old
All times shown in PDT.
The circumstances of this event were computed using the DE430 planetary ephemeris published by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).
This event was automatically generated by searching the ephemeris for planetary alignments which are of interest to amateur astronomers, and the text above was generated based on an estimate of your location.
|21 Oct 2023||– Moon at First Quarter|
|28 Oct 2023||– Full Moon|
|05 Nov 2023||– Moon at Last Quarter|
|13 Nov 2023||– New Moon|
Simulated image courtesy of Tom Ruen.