© NASA/Galileo 1993. Pictured asteroid is 243 Ida.

Asteroid 20 Massalia at opposition

Fri, 01 Nov 2013 at00:46 EDT(1242 days ago)
04:46 UTC

Dominic Ford, Editor
From the Asteroids feed

Please wait
Loading 0/4
Click and drag to rotate
Mouse wheel to zoom in/out
Touch with mouse to dismiss
The sky at

Asteroid 20 Massalia will be well placed for observation, lying in the constellation Aries, well above the horizon for much of the night.

Regardless of your location on the Earth, 20 Massalia will reach its highest point in the sky at around midnight local time.

From Newark (click to change), it will be visible between 19:59 and 05:16. It will become accessible at around 19:59, when it rises 24° above your eastern horizon, and then reach its highest point in the sky at 00:39, 63° above your southern horizon. It will become inaccessible at around 05:16 when it sinks to 25° above your western horizon.

The geometry of the alignment

This optimal positioning occurs when it makes its closest approach to the point in the sky directly opposite to the Sun – an event termed opposition. Since the Sun reaches its greatest distance below the horizon at midnight, the point opposite to it is highest in the sky at the same time.

At around the same time that 20 Massalia passes opposition, it also makes its closest approach to the Earth – termed its perigee – making it appear at its brightest in the night sky. This happens because when 20 Massalia lies opposite to the Sun in the night sky, the solar system is lined up so that 20 Massalia, the Earth and the Sun lie in a straight line with the Earth in the middle, on the same side of the Sun as 20 Massalia.

On this occasion, 20 Massalia will pass within 1.23 AU of us, reaching a peak brightness of magnitude 8.7. Nonetheless, even at its brightest, 20 Massalia is a faint object beyond the reach of the naked eye or binoculars; a telescope of moderate aperture and a good star chart are needed.

Finding 20 Massalia

The star charts below mark the path of 20 Massalia across the sky around the time of its opposition.

This star chart is also available as a PDF download, or in a light-on-dark color scheme, as an image file or PDF download.

The exact position of 20 Massalia at the moment of opposition will be as follows:

Object Right Ascension Declination Constellation Magnitude
Asteroid 20 Massalia 02h25m40s +14°09' Aries 8.7

The coordinates above are given in J2000.0.

The sky on 01 November 2013
Sunrise: 07:26
Sunset: 17:52
from 05:53
until 19:25

27-day old moon
Age of Moon:
27 days

All times shown in EDT.
Rise Culm. Set
Mercury 07:31 12:40 17:48
Venus 11:35 15:55 20:14
Moon 05:26 11:02 16:39
Mars 02:25 09:00 15:36
Jupiter 22:12 05:40 13:05
Saturn 07:44 12:58 18:12


The circumstances of this event were computed from orbital elements made available by Ted Bowell of the Lowell Observatory. The conversion to geocentric coordinates was performed using the position of the Earth recorded in the DE405 ephemeris published by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).

The star chart above shows the positions and magnitudes of stars as they appear in the Tycho catalogue. The data was reduced by the author and plotted using PyXPlot. A gnomonic projection of the sky has been used; celestial coordinates are indicated in the J2000.0 coordinate system.

Image credit

© NASA/Galileo 1993. Pictured asteroid is 243 Ida.




Color scheme