© NASA/JPL/MESSENGER

Mercury at dichotomy

Dominic Ford, Editor
From the Inner Planets feed

Objects: Mercury
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The sky at

Mercury will reach half phase in its 2017 morning apparition. It will be shining brightly at mag 0.1.

From Ashburn , this apparition will not be one of the most prominent and very difficult to observe, reaching a peak altitude of 11° above the horizon at sunrise on 24 May 2017.

Begin typing the name of a town near to you, and then select the town from the list of options which appear below.

The table below lists how high Mercury will appear at sunrise over the course of the apparition. All times are given in Ashburn local time.

Date Sun
rises at
Mercury
rises at
Altitude
at sunrise
Direction
at sunrise
30 Apr 201706:1505:37east
03 May 201706:1105:28east
06 May 201706:0805:20east
09 May 201706:0505:13east
12 May 201706:0205:07east
15 May 201705:5905:0110°east
18 May 201705:5604:5710°east
21 May 201705:5404:5410°east
24 May 201705:5204:5111°east
27 May 201705:5004:5010°east
30 May 201705:4904:5010°east
02 Jun 201705:4804:5110°east
05 Jun 201705:4704:53east
08 Jun 201705:4604:58east
11 Jun 201705:4605:05north-east

A graph of the phase of Mercury is available here.

Observing Mercury

The 2017 morning apparition of Mercury
20 Apr 2017 – Mercury at inferior solar conjunction
17 May 2017 – Mercury at greatest elongation west
23 May 2017 – Mercury at dichotomy
26 May 2017 – Mercury reaches highest point in morning sky

Mercury's orbit lies closer to the Sun than the Earth's, meaning that it always appears close to the Sun and is lost in the Sun's glare much of the time.

It is observable for only a few weeks each time it reaches greatest separation from the Sun – moments referred to as greatest elongation. These apparitions repeat roughly once every 3–4 months.

Mercury's phase

Mercury's phase varies depending on its position relative to the Earth. When it passes between the Earth and Sun, for example, the side that is turned towards the Earth is entirely unilluminated, like a new moon.

Conversely, when it lies opposite to the Earth in its orbit, passing almost behind the Sun, it appears fully illuminated, like a full moon. However, at this time it is also at its most distant from the Earth, so it is actually fainter than at other times.

Mercury shows an intermediate half phase – called dichotomy – at roughly the same moment that it appears furthest from the Sun, at greatest elongation. The exact times of the two events may differ by a few hours, only because Mercury's orbit is not quite perfectly aligned with the ecliptic.

Mercury's position

The coordinates of Mercury when it reaches dichotomy will be:

Object Right Ascension Declination Constellation Angular Size
Mercury 02h25m20s +11°01' Aries 7.3"
Sun 04h01m +20°38' Taurus 31'35"

The coordinates above are given in J2000.0.

The sky on 23 May 2017
Sunrise
05:50
Sunset
20:22
Twilight ends
22:14
Twilight begins
03:59

27-day old moon
Waning Crescent

7%

27 days old

Planets
Rise Culm. Set
Mercury 04:51 11:30 18:10
Venus 03:50 10:10 16:30
Moon 04:40 11:08 17:36
Mars 07:00 14:28 21:57
Jupiter 16:05 21:55 03:49
Saturn 21:58 02:49 07:35
All times shown in EDT.

Source

The circumstances of this event were computed using the DE430 planetary ephemeris published by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).

This event was automatically generated by searching the ephemeris for planetary alignments which are of interest to amateur astronomers, and the text above was generated based on an estimate of your location.

Related news

23 May 2017  –  Mercury at dichotomy
26 May 2017  –  Mercury reaches highest point in morning sky
19 Jun 2017  –  Mercury at perihelion
21 Jun 2017  –  Mercury at superior solar conjunction

Image credit

© NASA/JPL/MESSENGER

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