© NASA/Galileo 1993. Pictured asteroid is 243 Ida.

Asteroid 40 Harmonia at opposition

Dominic Ford, Editor
From the Asteroids feed

Objects: 40 Harmonia
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The sky at

Asteroid 40 Harmonia will be well placed, lying in the constellation Capricornus, well above the horizon for much of the night.

Regardless of your location on the Earth, 40 Harmonia will reach its highest point in the sky around midnight local time.

From Fairfield, it will be visible between 23:36 and 02:38. It will become accessible around 23:36, when it rises to an altitude of 22° above your south-eastern horizon. It will reach its highest point in the sky at 01:07, 25° above your southern horizon. It will become inaccessible around 02:38 when it sinks below 21° above your south-western horizon.

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The geometry of the alignment

This optimal positioning occurs when it makes its closest approach to the point in the sky directly opposite to the Sun – an event termed opposition. Since the Sun reaches its greatest distance below the horizon at midnight, the point opposite to it is highest in the sky at the same time.

At around the same time that 40 Harmonia passes opposition, it also makes its closest approach to the Earth – termed its perigee – making it appear at its brightest in the night sky. This happens because when 40 Harmonia lies opposite to the Sun in the night sky, the solar system is lined up so that 40 Harmonia, the Earth and the Sun lie in a straight line with the Earth in the middle, on the same side of the Sun as 40 Harmonia.

On this occasion, 40 Harmonia will pass within 1.202 AU of us, reaching a peak brightness of magnitude 9.5. Nonetheless, even at its brightest, 40 Harmonia is a faint object beyond the reach of the naked eye; binoculars or a telescope of moderate aperture are needed.

Finding 40 Harmonia

The chart below indicates the path of 40 Harmonia across the sky around the time of opposition.

It was produced using StarCharter and is available for download, either on dark background, in PNG, PDF or SVG formats, or on a light background, in PNG, PDF or SVG formats.

The position of 40 Harmonia at the moment of opposition will be as follows:

Object Right Ascension Declination Constellation Magnitude
Asteroid 40 Harmonia 20h08m40s 23°29'S Capricornus 9.5

The coordinates above are given in J2000.0.

The sky on 21 July 2024
Sunrise
05:39
Sunset
20:23
Twilight ends
22:19
Twilight begins
03:39

16-day old moon
Waning Gibbous

98%

16 days old

Planets
Rise Culm. Set
Mercury 07:59 14:45 21:31
Venus 06:40 13:52 21:04
Moon 20:24 00:49 05:25
Mars 01:32 08:47 16:03
Jupiter 02:15 09:40 17:04
Saturn 22:36 04:17 09:58
All times shown in EDT.

Source

The circumstances of this event were computed from orbital elements made available by Ted Bowell of the Lowell Observatory. The conversion to geocentric coordinates was performed using the position of the Earth recorded in the DE430 ephemeris published by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).

The star chart above shows the positions and magnitudes of stars as they appear in the Tycho catalogue. The data was reduced by the author and plotted using PyXPlot. A gnomonic projection of the sky has been used; celestial coordinates are indicated in the J2000.0 coordinate system.

Image credit

© NASA/Galileo 1993. Pictured asteroid is 243 Ida.

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41.14°N
73.26°W
EDT

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