7,046 days away
Dominic Ford, Editor
From the Asteroids feed
Asteroid 80 Sappho will be well placed, lying in the constellation Pegasus, well above the horizon for much of the night.
Regardless of your location on the Earth, 80 Sappho will reach its highest point in the sky around midnight local time.
From Cambridge, it will be visible in the evening sky, becoming accessible around 19:49 (EDT), 25° above your eastern horizon, as dusk fades to darkness. It will then reach its highest point in the sky at 00:13, 57° above your southern horizon. It will continue to be observable until around 04:51, when it sinks below 21° above your western horizon.
The geometry of the alignment
This optimal positioning occurs when it makes its closest approach to the point in the sky directly opposite to the Sun – an event termed opposition. Since the Sun reaches its greatest distance below the horizon at midnight, the point opposite to it is highest in the sky at the same time.
At around the same time that 80 Sappho passes opposition, it also makes its closest approach to the Earth – termed its perigee – making it appear at its brightest in the night sky. This happens because when 80 Sappho lies opposite to the Sun in the night sky, the solar system is lined up so that 80 Sappho, the Earth and the Sun lie in a straight line with the Earth in the middle, on the same side of the Sun as 80 Sappho.
On this occasion, 80 Sappho will pass within 0.844 AU of us, reaching a peak brightness of magnitude 9.6. Nonetheless, even at its brightest, 80 Sappho is a faint object beyond the reach of the naked eye; binoculars or a telescope of moderate aperture are needed.
Finding 80 Sappho
The chart below indicates the path of 80 Sappho across the sky around the time of opposition.
It was produced using StarCharter and is available for download, either on dark background, in PNG, PDF or SVG formats, or on a light background, in PNG, PDF or SVG formats.
The position of 80 Sappho at the moment of opposition will be as follows:
|Asteroid 80 Sappho||23h29m50s||10°19'N||Pegasus||9.6|
The coordinates above are given in J2000.0.
The sky on 07 Jun 2023
|The sky on 07 June 2023|
19 days old
All times shown in EDT.
The circumstances of this event were computed from orbital elements made available by Ted Bowell of the Lowell Observatory. The conversion to geocentric coordinates was performed using the position of the Earth recorded in the DE430 ephemeris published by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).
The star chart above shows the positions and magnitudes of stars as they appear in the Tycho catalogue. The data was reduced by the author and plotted using PyXPlot. A gnomonic projection of the sky has been used; celestial coordinates are indicated in the J2000.0 coordinate system.
© NASA/Galileo 1993. Pictured asteroid is 243 Ida.