The Constellation Chamaeleon

by Dominic Ford
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Chamaeleon

Chamaeleon is the tenth smallest constellation. It lies close to the south celestial pole, where it appears highest in the evening sky in the months around February.

It was among a dozen constellations introduced by Pieter Dirkszoon Keyser and Frederick de Houtman which celebrate rare or exotic animals, and first appeared on star maps in 1598.

Chamaeleon does not contain any bright stars or deep sky objects; the lizard's body is represented by a grouping of fourth-magnitude stars. It contains one Caldwell object, the planetary nebula C109 (NGC 3195).

Date First Appeared
1598 (Keyser & de Houtman)
Sky Area
0.3% of the sky
131.6 square degrees
Messier Objects
Chamaeleon contains no Messier objects
Caldwell Objects
Chamaeleon contains the following Caldwell object: C109.
Neighbors
The following constellations neighbor Chamaeleon: Apus, Carina, Mensa, Musca, Octans, Volans.
Chamaeleon Chamaeleon
The constellation Chamaeleon as it appears to the unaided eye. Roll mouse over to see labels.
Source: Stellarium.

San Diego

Latitude:
Longitude:
Timezone:

32.72°N
117.16°W
PDT

Color scheme


Brightest Objects in Chamaeleon

Hover the pointer over the name of an object to highlight its position on the starchart to the right, or click to see more information.

Stars Open Clusters Globular Clusters Galaxies
α-Cha (mag 4.1) NGC 2915 (mag 12.7)
γ-Cha (mag 4.1) NGC 3149 (mag 12.9)
β-Cha (mag 4.2) IC 3104 (mag 13.7)
θ-Cha (mag 4.3) NGC 3620 (mag 15.9)
δ²-Cha (mag 4.4)
ε-Cha (mag 4.9)
κ-Cha (mag 5.0)
ζ-Cha (mag 5.1)
TYC9415-3217-2 (mag 5.2)
ι-Cha (mag 5.3)
η-Cha (mag 5.4)
ν-Cha (mag 5.4)
μ-Cha (mag 5.5)
δ¹-Cha (mag 5.6)
π-Cha (mag 5.6)
HIP 41191 (mag 5.7)
HIP 43012 (mag 5.8)
HIP 64587 (mag 5.8)
HIP 68009 (mag 5.9)
HIP 52340 (mag 6.0)
TYC9418-2652-2 (mag 6.0)
RS Cha (mag 6.1)
HIP 45166 (mag 6.1)
HIP 51835 (mag 6.3)
HIP 66607 (mag 6.3)
HIP 56996 (mag 6.3)
HIP 59647 (mag 6.3)
HIP 53151 (mag 6.4)
HIP 55225 (mag 6.4)
HIP 57137 (mag 6.4)
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