© NASA/JPL/MESSENGER

Mercury at dichotomy

Dominic Ford, Editor
From the Inner Planets feed

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The sky at

Mercury will reach half phase in its 2018 evening apparition. It will be shining brightly at mag -0.2.

From Cambridge , this apparition will not be one of the most prominent and very difficult to observe, reaching a peak altitude of 8° above the horizon at sunset on 12 Nov 2018.

Begin typing the name of a town near to you, and then select the town from the list of options which appear below.

The table below lists how high Mercury will appear at sunset over the course of the apparition. All times are given in Cambridge local time.

Date Sun
sets at
Mercury
sets at
Altitude
at sunset
Direction
at sunset
10 Oct 201818:0918:39south-west
13 Oct 201818:0418:36south-west
16 Oct 201817:5918:35south-west
19 Oct 201817:5518:33south-west
22 Oct 201817:5018:31south-west
25 Oct 201817:4618:30south-west
28 Oct 201817:4118:29south-west
31 Oct 201817:3718:28south-west
03 Nov 201817:3418:28south-west
06 Nov 201816:3017:26south-west
09 Nov 201816:2717:24south-west
12 Nov 201816:2317:21south-west
15 Nov 201816:2117:15south-west
18 Nov 201816:1817:06south-west
21 Nov 201816:1616:52south-west

A graph of the phase of Mercury is available here.

Observing Mercury

The 2018 evening apparition of Mercury
06 Nov 2018 – Mercury at greatest elongation east
11 Nov 2018 – Mercury reaches highest point in evening sky
11 Nov 2018 – Mercury at dichotomy
27 Nov 2018 – Mercury at inferior solar conjunction

Mercury's orbit lies closer to the Sun than the Earth's, meaning that it always appears close to the Sun and is lost in the Sun's glare much of the time.

It is observable for only a few days each time it reaches greatest separation from the Sun – moments referred to as greatest elongation. These apparitions repeat roughly once every 3–4 months.

Mercury's phase

Mercury's phase varies depending on its position relative to the Earth. When it passes between the Earth and Sun, for example, the side that is turned towards the Earth is entirely unilluminated, like a new moon.

Conversely, when it lies opposite to the Earth in its orbit, passing almost behind the Sun, it appears fully illuminated, like a full moon. However, at this time it is also at its most distant from the Earth, so it is actually fainter than at other times.

Mercury shows an intermediate half phase – called dichotomy – at roughly the same moment that it appears furthest from the Sun, at greatest elongation. The exact times of the two events may differ by a few hours, only because Mercury's orbit is not quite perfectly aligned with the ecliptic.

Mercury's position

The coordinates of Mercury when it reaches dichotomy will be:

Object Right Ascension Declination Constellation Angular Size
Mercury 16h37m20s -24°46' Ophiuchus 7.4"
Sun 15h06m -17°27' Libra 32'18"

The coordinates above are given in J2000.0.

The sky on 11 November 2018
Sunrise
06:29
Sunset
16:25
Twilight ends
18:02
Twilight begins
04:52

4-day old moon
Waxing Crescent

15%

4 days old

Planets
Rise Culm. Set
Mercury 08:34 12:58 17:22
Venus 04:34 09:52 15:09
Moon 10:14 14:54 19:34
Mars 13:10 18:20 23:31
Jupiter 07:27 12:14 17:02
Saturn 10:11 14:45 19:18
All times shown in EST.

Source

The circumstances of this event were computed using the DE405 planetary ephemeris published by the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL).

This event was automatically generated by searching the ephemeris for planetary alignments which are of interest to amateur astronomers, and the text above was generated based on an estimate of your location.

Related news

11 Nov 2018  –  Mercury reaches highest point in evening sky
14 Dec 2018  –  Mercury reaches highest point in morning sky
15 Dec 2018  –  Mercury at greatest elongation west
26 Feb 2019  –  Mercury at greatest elongation east

Image credit

© NASA/JPL/MESSENGER

Cambridge

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Longitude:
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42.38°N
71.11°W
EDT

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