The Constellation Sculptor

by Dominic Ford
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Sculptor

Sculptor is a faint constellation in the southern sky, visible in the evening sky in the months around September.

Nicolas Louis de Lacaille first gave the name ‘Apparatus Sculptoris’ (the sculptor's studio) to this sky area, but it was later abbreviated to simply ‘Sculptor’.

It has no stars brighter than fourth magnitude, but does contain a number of galaxies of interest, including the Sculptor Group of galaxies – the closest grouping of galaxies to the Local Group of which the Milky Way is a member. Among the brighter members of this group are NGC 253 and NGC 55.

It is also home to the Sculptor Dwarf Galaxy, a small and very diffuse galaxy which is in orbit around the Milky Way. It covers a similar sky area to the full moon, and yet its total brightness is only tenth magnitude, meaning that the very darkest skies are needed to see it.

Sculptor lies 90° away from the plane of the Milky Way, and contains the south galactic pole.

Date First Appeared
1756 (Lacaille)
Sky Area
1.2% of the sky
474.8 square degrees
Messier Objects
Sculptor contains no Messier objects
Caldwell Objects
Sculptor contains the following Caldwell objects: C65, C70, C72.
Neighbors
The following constellations neighbor Sculptor: Aquarius, Cetus, Fornax, Grus, Phoenix, Piscis Austrinus.
Sculptor Sculptor
The constellation Sculptor as it appears to the unaided eye. Roll mouse over to see labels.
Source: Stellarium.

Fairfield

Latitude:
Longitude:
Timezone:

41.14°N
73.26°W
EST

Color scheme


Brightest Objects in Sculptor

Hover the pointer over the name of an object to highlight its position on the starchart to the right, or click to see more information.

Stars Open Clusters Globular Clusters Galaxies
α-Scl (mag 4.3) NGC 288 (mag 8.1) NGC 253 (mag 7.1)
β-Scl (mag 4.4) NGC 300 (mag 8.1)
γ-Scl (mag 4.4) NGC 55 (mag 8.2)
δ-Scl (mag 4.6) NGC 7793 (mag 9.3)
η-Scl (mag 4.9) NGC 134 (mag 10.1)
ζ-Scl (mag 5.0) NGC 7507 (mag 10.4)
ι-Scl (mag 5.2) IC 5332 (mag 10.7)
θ-Scl (mag 5.2) NGC 150 (mag 11.1)
π-Scl (mag 5.3) NGC 7755 (mag 11.4)
μ-Scl (mag 5.3) NGC 24 (mag 11.6)
ε-Scl (mag 5.3) NGC 7513 (mag 11.8)
κ²-Scl (mag 5.4) NGC 254 (mag 11.8)
HIP 7213 (mag 5.5) NGC 148 (mag 12.1)
σ-Scl (mag 5.5) IC 1558 (mag 12.2)
HIP 2661 (mag 5.5) NGC 439 (mag 12.4)
ξ-Scl (mag 5.6) NGC 491 (mag 12.5)
HIP 118277 (mag 5.6) NGC 568 (mag 12.6)
HIP 114254 (mag 5.6) NGC 613 (mag 12.7)
HIP 1288 (mag 5.7) NGC 7484 (mag 12.8)
HIP 115312 (mag 5.7) IC 1616 (mag 12.9)
HIP 655 (mag 5.7) NGC 10 (mag 13.1)
HIP 7941 (mag 5.7) NGC 612 (mag 13.2)
HIP 7118 (mag 5.8) IC 5353 (mag 13.2)
HIP 6502 (mag 5.8) IC 1657 (mag 13.2)
HIP 114366 (mag 5.9) NGC 418 (mag 13.2)
λ²-Scl (mag 5.9) NGC 131 (mag 13.2)
τ-Scl (mag 5.9) NGC 7713 (mag 13.3)
HIP 7016 (mag 5.9) NGC 101 (mag 13.4)
AI Scl (mag 5.9) NGC 626 (mag 13.4)
HIP 7643 (mag 5.9) NGC 289 (mag 13.4)
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