The Constellation Cepheus

by Dominic Ford
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Cepheus lies in the far northern sky. The north celestial pole lies in the neighboring constellation Ursa Minor, but the northern-most tip of Cepheus is a mere 1.5° away from the pole.

The precession of the equinoxes is shifting the pole ever-closer to the boundary between the two constellations, and by 7500 AD, Cepheus's brightest star Alderamin will have become the pole star.

Two other stars in Cepheus are of particular note. The fourth-magnitude star δ-Cep is the prototype for the Cepheid class of variable stars. It variability was discovered in 1784 by the deaf–mute astronomer John Goodricke.

Cepheus is also home to a number of other notable variable stars, including μ-Cep, sometimes known as Herschel's Garnet Star, which varies between magnitudes 3.5 and 5.1

In classical mythology, Cepheus was king of Aethiopia, the husband of queen Cassiopeia and father of Andromeda.

Date First Appeared
Sky Area
1.4% of the sky
587.8 square degrees
Messier Objects
Cepheus contains no Messier objects
Caldwell Objects
Cepheus contains the following Caldwell objects: C1, C2, C4, C9.
The following constellations neighbor Cepheus: Camelopardalis, Cassiopeia, Cepheus, Cygnus, Draco, Lacerta, Ursa Minor.
Cepheus Cepheus
The constellation Cepheus as it appears to the unaided eye. Roll mouse over to see labels.
Source: Stellarium.

San Diego



Color scheme

Brightest Objects in Cepheus

Hover the pointer over the name of an object to highlight its position on the starchart to the right, or click to see more information.

Stars Open Clusters Globular Clusters Galaxies
Alderamin (mag 2.5) NGC 7160 (mag 6.1) NGC 2276 (mag 11.4)
Errai (mag 3.2) NGC 7380 (mag 7.2) NGC 2300 (mag 12.1)
Alfirk (mag 3.2) NGC 7234 (mag 7.7) NGC 1184 (mag 12.2)
ζ-Cep (mag 3.3) NGC 6939 (mag 7.8) NGC 6951 (mag 12.4)
η-Cep (mag 3.4) NGC 7510 (mag 7.9) IC 469 (mag 13.5)
ι-Cep (mag 3.5) NGC 188 (mag 8.1) NGC 1544 (mag 14.1)
Garnet Star (mag 4.0) NGC 7261 (mag 8.4) IC 455 (mag 14.3)
δ-Cep (mag 4.1) NGC 7142 (mag 9.3) NGC 6949 (mag 14.5)
ε-Cep (mag 4.2) NGC 7226 (mag 9.6) IC 1502 (mag 14.7)
θ-Cep (mag 4.2) NGC 7762 (mag 10.0)
2-UMi (mag 4.2) NGC 7419 (mag 13.0)
ν-Cep (mag 4.3) NGC 7055
κ-Cep (mag 4.4) NGC 7281
HIP 108917 (mag 4.4) NGC 7423
υ¹-Cep (mag 4.5) NGC 7429
π-Cep (mag 4.5) NGC 7708
11-Cep (mag 4.5)
HIP 113116 (mag 4.7)
HIP 112519 (mag 4.8)
V337 Cep (mag 4.8)
24-Cep (mag 4.8)
O-Cep (mag 4.9)
HIP 117371 (mag 5.0)
16-Cep (mag 5.0)
OV Cep (mag 5.1)
31-Cep (mag 5.1)
λ-Cep (mag 5.1)
HIP 23265 (mag 5.1)
19-Cep (mag 5.1)
6-Cep (mag 5.2)
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